A map is a database, a tool for spatial analysis and decision support and a method of communicating information. Geographical Information Systems, GIS, have developed over the last 40 years or so and now make a substantial contribution to the information society and knowledge economy. Annual growth rates in the GI industry exceed 10% due to demand for more integrated and better targeted resource management, more complete understanding of spatially distributed systems and a roll-out of location based services.

In this topic you will learn something about modern applications of GI and the components that contribute to an application. In no particular order, the components are:

  • technology
  • data
  • method
  • organisational and societal context
  • a body of knowledge and ideas

They provide a framework for your studies in geospatial information.