Task Read these sections from Berry (1997), Longley et al. (2001) and Mitchell (1999) and (i) identify reasons for analysing spatial data and (ii) outline a basic approach to analysis in GIS. The same material can be found in Longley et al. (2005).
GIS Perspectives
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Source: Berry JK, 1997. Varied applications drive GIS perspectives, GeoWorld, August. <http://www.innovativegis.com/basis/MapAnalysis/Topic4/Topic4.htm#Varied_applications> URL last accessed 2-12-2007.

Data, Information, Evidence, Knowledge, Wisdom
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Source: Longley PA, Goodchild MF, Maguire DJ and Rhind DW, 2001. Section 1.2 in Geographic Information Systems & Science. Chichester: Wiley. Pp 6-7.

What is Spatial Analysis?
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Source: Longley PA, Goodchild MF, Maguire DJ and Rhind DW, 2001. Section 13.1 in Geographic Information Systems & Science. Chichester: Wiley. Pp. 278-282.

What is GIS Analysis?
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Source: Modified from Mitchell A, 1999. The ESRI Guide to GIS Analysis. Volume 1: Geographic Patterns & Relationships. Redlands: ESRI Press. Pp. 11.

Task Brush up your skills in ArcGIS by completing this module from the ESRI Virtual Campus course Turning Data Into Information. The first module is free and reviews some fundamental concepts about geographical data and spatial analysis.

Basics of Data and Information
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Source: ESRI Virtual Campus. Module 1 of Turning Data Into Information. <http://training.esri.com/gateway/index.cfm> URL last accessed 27-11-2007.