Task Attend this lecture and use it to identify 2- and 3-D entity types and common operations for spatial and terrain analysis in GIS. At the end of the lecture you should define what is meant by spatial analysis in GIS.
  Spatial and Terrain Analysis
[ ppt ]
Source: Trodd N, 2005. Spatial and terrain analysis.
Query, Measurement and Transformation
[ pdf ]
Source: Longley PA, Goodchild MF, Maguire DJ and Rhind DW, 2001. Chapter 13 in Geographic Information Systems and Science. New York: Wiley. pp. 278 - 302.

Updated version of source: Longley PA, Goodchild MF, Maguire DJ and Rhind DW, 2005. Chapter 14 in Geographic Information Systems and Science. New York: Wiley. pp. 315 - 39. 2nd edition.

Descriptive summaries
[ pdf ]
Source: Longley PA, Goodchild MF, Maguire DJ and Rhind DW, 2001. Chapter 14 in Geographic Information Systems and Science. New York: Wiley. pp. 304 - 13.

Updated version of source: Longley PA, Goodchild MF, Maguire DJ and Rhind DW, 2005. Chapter 15 in Geographic Information Systems and Science. New York: Wiley. pp. 342 - 52. 2nd edition.

Task

Univariate techniques process a single layer of data and multivariate techniques process two or more layers. Spatial operations can be classified into five categories - reclassifying maps, proximity and connectivity, overlay, terrain and neighbourhood analysis. Your task is to identify examples of univariate and multivariate operators in each category.

e-Tutorial: Spatial Operators
[ html ]
Task Your task is to demonstrate transformations and descriptive statistics in ArcGIS. This module explores buffering, point-in-polygon, and polygon-on-polygon overlay; spatial interpolation and density estimation; centers and dispersion; histograms, pie charts, and scatterplots; spatial dependence and fragmentation.
Simple Spatial Operators
[ URL ]
Source: ESRI Virtual Campus. Module 4 of Turning Data into Information <http://training.esri.com/acb2000/showdetl.cfm?DID=6&Product_ID=821> URL last accessed 27-10-2006.
Task Distance is a simple spatial metric, isn't it? If you think so then answer these questions by reading the following documents. How far it is between your home and the University? What is the 'true' distance - as the crow flies or on the ground? How are these calculations made on spatial data? What are the consequences of using a different data model or changing scale?
Measuring Length and Area
[ pdf ]
Source: Trodd N, 2006. Measuring length and area under different spatial data models.
GIS Basics If you want to take some of the topics in Trodd (2006) that little bit further then read chapters 3, 4 and 7 in Wise S, 2002. GIS basics. London: Taylor and Francis.
Effective Distance and Connectivity
[ URL ] [ pdf ]
Source: Berry JK, 2005. Calculating effective distance and connectivity. Topic 25 in Map Analysis. <http://www.innovativegis.com/basis/MapAnalysis/Topic25 /Topic25.htm> URL last accessed 7-11-2006.
Landscape Metrics on Vector and Raster Data
[ pdf ]
Source: Wade TG, Wickham JD, Nash MS, Neale AC, Riitters KH and Jones KB, 2003. A comparison of vector and raster GIS methods for calculating landscape metrics used in environmental assessments, Photogrammetric Engineering & Remote Sensing, 69, 1399-405.